Hair TreatmentFree Patent Search

Hair treatment product

Hair Treatment Abstract
An aqueous hair conditioner product comprises a cationic surfactant, a fatty alcohol having an alkyl group with from 8 to 22 carbon atoms, a basic dye, and a neutral dye, the cationic surfactant being present in the form of a disperse lamellar liquid crystal phase, and the weight ratio of basic dye to neutral dye being from 1:20 to 1:2.

Hair Treatment Claims
I claim:

1. An aqueous hair conditioner product comprising:

(i) from 0.1 to 5% by weight of a cationic surfactant,

(ii) from 0.1 to 5% by weight of a fatty alcohol having an alkyl group with from 8 to 22 carbon atoms,

(iii) from 0.001 to 0.5% by weight of a basic dye, and

(iv) from 0.001 to 5% by weight of a neutral dye;

the cationic surfactant being present in the form of a disperse lamellar liquid crystal phase, and the weight ratio of basic dye to neutral dye being from 1:20 to 1:2.

2. A product according to claim 1, wherein the cationic surfactant is selected from the group consisting of quaternary ammonium chlorides and bromides having at least one alkyl group with from 12 to 22 carbon atoms, or at least one aryl group.

3. A product according to claim 1, wherein the cationic surfactant forms from 0.2 to 3% by weight of the product.

4. A product according to claim 1, wherein the fatty alcohol is selected from the group consisting of cetyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol and mixtures thereof

5. A product according to claim 1, wherein the weight ratio of cationic surfactant to fatty alcohol is from 1:4 to 4:1.

6. A product according to claim 1, wherein the basic dye is selected from the group consisting of Arianor Steel Blue, Arianor Mahogany, Arianor Sienna Brown, Arianor Madder Red, Arianor Straw Yellow, Astra Blue 3R, Astrazon Red BL-N, Astrazon Golden Yellow GLD, Astrazon Golden Yellow GRL and mixtures thereof

7. A product according to claim 1, wherein the basic dye forms from 0.01 to 0.1% by weight of the product.

8. A product according to claim 1, wherein the neutral dye is selected from the group consisting of Celliton Violet 6B, Celliton Blue Extra, Celliton Red Violet RN, Palanil Violet 3B, Fourrine BDN, 4-nitro-0-aminophenol, 2-nitrophenylenediamine and mixtures thereof.

9. A product according to claim 1, wherein the weight ratio of basic dye to neutral dye is from 1:10 to 1:2.

10. A product according to claim 1, wherein the neutral dye forms from 0.01 to 1% by weight of the product

11. A product according to claim 1, comprising from 10 to 99% by weight of water.

12. A method of darkening hair, wherein the hair is treated with a product according to claim 1.

Patent Information Search Body

Hair Treatment Description
FIELD OF INVENTION

The invention relates to a product for treating keratinous fibres and more particularly to a product for conditioning and dyeing hair in order to darken it. For the sake of clarity, the following description is concerned with the dyeing of human hair, although it is to be understood that the product according to the invention can be employed in the treatment of other keratinous fibres, such as wool or animal fur, in order to dye them or to impart other benefits such as conditioning to them.

BACKGROUND AND PRIOR ART

As human hair becomes grey, for example, due to ageing or following a psychosomatic disorder, or is bleached due to excessive exposure to sunlight, a need can arise on the part of the consumer for a treatment to darken or to restore the color of the hair to its former appearance. Although it is possible to darken hair with a single treatment using, for example, an oxidative dye, the consumer usually prefers a gradual darkening treatment, so that the return to the original shade is not dramatic and therefore not noticeable to casual observer.

Direct dyes have been employed by Beecham Group PLC as described in GB No. 2 168 082 for dyeing hair using a composition containing, in addition to the dye, a cationic surfactant and a liquid carrier. These dyes are stated to include anthraquinone, azo, nitro, basic, triarylmethane or disperse dyes or any combination thereof.

In our attempts to develop a hair dye system which not only satisfies the desire of the consumer to obtain gradual darkening of the hair following repeated treatments over a period of weeks or months, while providing a rapid, even color change following each treatment, we have assessed the suitability for this purpose of a range of direct dyes, including basic dyes and neutral dyes. We were also concerned to provide a product that could be applied to the hair in the manner normally employed for shampoos and conditioners, without the need to wear gloves to avoid unacceptable staining of the hands with the dye.

Our experiments have shown that when using certain basic dyes, color uptake by the hair is rapid in that only a short treatment time of a few minutes is needed to achieve a moderate darkening of the hair, but that hand staining can occur to an unacceptable extent when the concentration of basic dye is sufficiently high to achieve adequate dyeing under these conditions.

We have also shown that when using certain neutral dyes, uniform dye coverage can be obtained, but the colour uptake by the hair is slower than with basic dyes, in that a longer treatment time is needed to achieve a moderate darkening of the hair. Furthermore, little or no hand staining is experienced with neutral dyes at concentrations sufficient to give adequate dyeing which is usually higher than that of the basic dye.

Accordingly, by using a product containing both a basic dye and a neutral dye, at carefully controlled concentrations, together with a cationic surfactant, which is present in the form of a disperse lamellar liquid crystal phase, we have discovered that it is possible to achieve rapid, uniform dyeing of the hair to a degree which satisfies the needs of the consumer desiring gradual darkening over a course of treatment as explained earlier, the product being suitable for application to the hair without the need to employ gloves.

Additionally, the cationic surfactant imparts a conditioning benefit to the hair which is retained after rinsing with water hair treated with this product.

DEFINITION OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, the invention provides an aqueous hair conditioner product which comprises:

(i) from 0.1 to 5% by weight of a cationic surfactant,

(ii) from 0.1 to 5% by weight of a fatty alcohol having an alkyl group with from 8 to 22 carbon atoms,

(iii)from 0.001 to 0.5% by weight of a basic dye, and

(iv) from 0.001 to 5% by weight of a neutral dye;

the cationic surfactant being present in the form of a disperse lamellar liquid crystal phase, and the weight ratio of basic dye to neutral dye being from 1:20 to 1:2, preferably from 1:10 to 1:2.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

The disperse lamellar liquid crystal phase

The hair conditioner product of the invention which is also capable of imparting color to the hair comprises, in an aqueous medium, a cationic surfactant and a fatty alcohol, the cationic surfactant being present in the form of a disperse lamellar liquid crystal phase.

(i) The cationic surfactant

Examples of suitable cationic surfactants include quaternary ammonium chlorides and bromides having at least one long chain (C.sub.12-22) alkyl group or at least one aryl group. Specific surfactants which are suitable include oleyl dimethylbenzylammonium chloride, cetyl trimethylammonium chloride, cetyl trimethylammonium bromide, methyl bis [2-hydroxethyl]oleylammonium chloride, stearyl trimethylammonium chloride, and distearyl dimethylammonium chloride.

The amount by weight of cationic surfactant to be employed in the composition according to the invention is from 0.1 to 5%, preferably from 0.2 to 3% by weight of the product.

(ii) The fatty alcohol

The cationic surfactant of the hair rinse conditioner of the invention is present in the aqueous compositions as a disperse lamellar liquid crystal phase rather than in micellar form, as it would normally occur in a simple aqueous solution. The production of a disperse lamellar liquid crystal phase is most conveniently effected by the inclusion of a fatty alcohol having an alkyl group with from 8 to 22, preferably from 16 to 20 carbon atoms. Examples of suitable fatty alcohols include cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol, which themselves also contribute to the overall conditioning properties of the compositions.

The amount by weight of such fatty alcohols form from 0.1 to 5% by weight of the product, the amount being sufficient to convert the cationic surfactant to the disperse lamellar liquid crystal phase.

The weight ratio of cationic surfactant to fatty alcohol is usually from 1 10 to 10:1, preferably from 1:4 to 4:1 and ideally from 1 1 to 1:4.

The basic dye

The hair conditioner product of the invention comprises one or more basic dyes.

Examples of suitable basic dyes include basic anthraquinone dyes, especially those containing a dialkylaminoalkylamino (DAAA) group. Specific examples include the following:

3-[(4-amino-6-bromo-5,8-dihydro-1-hydroxy-8-imino-5-oxo-2naphthalenyl)amino ]-N,N,N-trimethylbenzenaminium chloride

Trade name: Arianor Steel Blue

Colour group: Basic blue 99

CI Number: 56059

[8-[(p-aminophenyl)azo]-7-hydroxy-2-naphthyl]trimethylammonium chloride

Trade name: Arianor Mahogany

Colour group: Basic brown 16

CI Number: 12250

[8[(4-amino-2-N-nitrophenyl)azo]-7-hydroxy-2-naphthyl]trimethylammonium chloride

Trade name: Arianor Sienna Brown

Colour group: Basic brown 17

CI Number: 12251

[8[(0-methoxyphenyl)azo]-7-hydroxy-2-naphthyl]trimethylammonium chloride

Trade name: Arianor Madder Red

Colour group: Basic red 76

CI Number: 12245

Trade name: Arianor Straw Yellow

Colour group: Basic yellow 57

CI Number: 12719

Trade name: Astra Blue 3R

Colour group: Basic blue 52

Trade name: Astrazon Red BL-N

Colour group: Basic red 45

Trade name: Astrazon Golden Yellow GLD

Colour group: Basic orange 29

Trade name: Astrazon Golden Yellow GRL

Colour group: Basic yellow 29

The amount by weight of the basic dye to be employed in the product according to the invention is from 0.001 to 0.5%, preferably from 0.01 to 0.1% by weight of the product.

The neutral dye

The hair conditioner product of the invention also comprises one or more neutral dyes.

Examples of suitable neutral dyes include neutral anthraquinone dyes and nitro dyes.

Specific examples of neutral anthraquinone dyes include the following:

1-amino-4-methylamino-9,10-anthracenedione

Trade name: Celliton Violet 6B

Colour group: Disperse Violet 4

1,4,5,8-tetraamino-9,10-anthracenedione

Trade name: Celliton Blue Extra

Colour group: Disperse Blue 1

1,4-diamino-9,10-anthracenedione

Trade name: Celliton Red Violet RN

Colour group: Disperse Violet 1

1,4-diamino-5-nitro-9,10-anthracenedione

Trade name: Palanil Violet 3B

Colour group: Disperse Violet 8

Specific examples of neutral nitro dyes include the following:

N.sup.1,N.sup.4, N.sup.4 -tris (2-hydroxyethyl-2-nitro-4-phenylenediamine)

Trade name: Fourrine BDN

Colour group: HC Blue 2

4-nitro-0-aminophenol

2-nitrophenylenediamine

The amount of neutral dye to be employed in the product according to the invention is generally from 0.001 to 5%, preferably from 0.01 to 1% by weight of the product.

Water

The hair conditioner product according to the invention is aqueous and accordingly contains water which can be present in one or more of the other ingredients of the product, such as the cationic surfactant or dye solution, or it can be added separately.

The amount of water present will form from 10 to 99%, preferably from 20 to 95% by weight of the product.

Hair conditioner adjuncts

The hair conditioner product according to the invention can also optionally comprise other materials that are conventionally employed in such products including, thickening and suspending agents, opacifiers, pearlescent agents, sequestrants, colour stabilising agents, perfumes, preservatives, glycols and other dye solublisers. In addition to water, the product can also comprise other liquids to form a liquid vehicle for the surfactant, fatty alcohol and dyes. Examples of such liquids include ethanol and isopropanol.

pH

The pH of the composition of the hair conditioner product according to the invention can be from 2 to 9, preferably from 2.5 to 7. If necessary, the pH can be adjusted using conventional agents.

Preparation of the hair conditioner product

The invention also provides a process for the preparation of a hair conditioner product which is capable of imparting color to the hair, which process comprises:

(a) admixing a cationic surfactant in an aqueous liquid vehicle with a fatty alcohol having an alkyl group with from 8 to 22 carbon atoms at a temperature above the melting point of the fatty alcohol, this temperature being not less than about 50.degree. C., preferably from 50.degree. to 80.degree. and most preferably from 60.degree. to 80.degree. C., to form on cooling a solution containing the surfactant in a disperse lamellar liquid crystal phase;

(b) admixing one or more basic dyes and one or more neutral dyes with the solution; and

(c) adjusting the pH value of the hair conditioner product so obtained as necessary to a value of from 2 to 9, preferably from 2.5 to 7.

Optionally, a thickening agent can be dissolved or dispersed in the product at any convenient stage in the process in order to provide the hair conditioning product with a desired viscosity to suit the consumer.

Further hair conditioning adjuncts can also be added at any convenient stage in the process, preferably before final pH adjustment.

Method of treatment of hair

The invention also provides a method for treating non-human or human hair comprising the step of applying an effective amount of the hair conditioner product according to the invention to the hair. According to a preferred method, 10 g to 30 g of the product are applied to the hair, preferably whilst still wet following shampooing. The product is allowed to remain in contact with the hair for about 2 minutes and is then rinsed from the hair with warm water (25.degree. to 40.degree. C.) and finally dried.

MEASUREMENT OF HAIR COLOUR

In order to assess the color of hair dyed with products according to the invention, the reflectance spectra of hair switches were measured from 400-700 nm in a Micromatch spectrophotometer in the absence of ultra-violet light. Colour difference analysis from these data were made using computer programs.

Small switches of blond hair, each 10 cm in length and weighing 0.5 g were accommodated in the spectrophotometer using a holder with a narrow slit. Only switches in good condition with well aligned fibres were used. Due to the itinerant variance of hair, each switch was repositioned at least four times in the holder for multiple readings. An average value was used in calculating the colour intensity.

The use of standards in the colour analysis of hair is necessary as the perception of colour cannot be measured directly and is dependent on:

(i) the visible reflectance spectrum (R [.lambda.]),

(ii) the spectral energy distribution of the light source (S [.lambda.]), and

(iii) the spectral sensitivity of the eye (x [.lambda.]).

For consistency and comparability these last two need to be defined as standards.

The colour space is defined by the tristimulus values X, Y and Z; thus: ##EQU1## and similarly for Y and Z. K is a factor which ensures that the maximum value of Y for any illuminant spectral distribution is 100.

Values of S [.lambda.] and of x [.lambda.] have been determined and are an integral part of the CIE 1976 standards. In the experiments to be described later in this specification, the illuminant D.sub.65 for the 10.degree. observer was used.

The values X, Y and Z give a non-uniform colour space with respect to colour perception. It is necessary, therefore, to transform them into the approximately uniform colour space given by L, A and B, as defined by the CIELAB 76 formulae. These values are expressed in rectangular coordinates.

The L value is a measure of the brightness of the sample on a grey scale from white to black. The A and B values are measures of the colour where;

+A is red

-A is green

+B is yellow

-B is blue

The difference between two samples in the CIELAB space, usually a standard, is given by

The product according to the invention, when employed in the dyeing of hair according to the procedure described herein using blond hair, will provide a colour intensity (.DELTA.E) value preferably of at least 25. Ideally, the colour intensity (.DELTA.E) value obtained is at least 30.

--------------------------------------